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Today, statistics show that there are about 50 million Americans suffering from an autoimmune disease. It is worrying to know that the number is never going down but rather rising and this has come to the attention of the medical fraternity. One thing you need to know is that your immune system works to protect you from diseases and infections. However, the immune system is interrupted when you have an autoimmune disease. There is the need to know that when you have an autoimmune disease, the disruption caused in your immune system makes it not to keep you safe from diseases and infections. There is the need to know that the actual causes of these diseases have not been established. Discussed below are some of the common autoimmune diseases.
The first autoimmune disease is diabetes type 1. There is the need to know that insulin helps to keep the blood sugar levels in your body regulated. However, when someone has the type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. There is the need to know that all autoimmune diseases have one thing in common which is mistakenly attacking the body itself. In that state of confusion, the body cannot tell the difference between its own cells and foreign cells.
The other common disease is multiple sclerosis. The disease destroys the protective coating that covers the nerve cells. The nerve cells are also known as the myelin sheath. When the nerve cell coating is damaged, the transmission of information from the brain to the body through the spinal cord slows down significantly. It is like the communication system in your body is shut down in a great way.
Graves’ disease is another autoimmune disease. It is important to know that the thyroid hormones are essential in controlling the usage of the body’s energy. When you have the Graves’ disease, however, the immune system attacks the thyroid gland around the neck making it produce more hormones. This increases the production of the thyroid hormones which causes the body to increase its activities leading to fast heartbeat, nervousness and other things.
The above diseases are the most common ones though there are more that exist. It is important to know that you learn about the symptoms to know if you or a close person to you is suffering from an autoimmune disease. There is the need to ensure that you ask from an expert the symptoms that are associated with the autoimmune disease. From there the doctor will help to get the treatment that will ensure that you get your life back.
Living with an autoimmune disease is a huge detriment to one’s life.